The missing link in the fight against Ebola

Understanding the challenges of the Ebola crisis through the eyes of anthropologists

Estimated reading time: 2 minutes

In a recent report, NPR featured a story about the missing link in the fight against Ebola: anthropologists.

At a time when even military forces are deployed on the ground to support the fight against Ebola, anthropologists are still struggling to get recognition of their own important contribution.

“Any situations of infectious contagion are highly social. It’s an incredibly intimate process, and anthropology is a science of intimacy, of intimate connections,” said Ann Kelly, a senior lecturer at the University of Exeter, in the NPR-interview.

There are numerous fears and culturally specific ideas involved in the interactions between people in Ebola-affected countries. And this is not only about stopping to shake hands. Anthropologists’ contribution to understanding the social and cultural implications of Ebola is particularly essential when it comes to local rituals and practices, such as funerals. The burial ceremonies have been changed for reasons of hygiene, but anthropologists have tried to reconcile this need with local culture.

We have to understand that these changes disrupt the social fabric of tradition and kinship, wrote Kelly in an article she co-authored with colleagues on somatosphere.net. The article further says:

For the communities with whom we spoke, death is a journey, and for this journey one needs to be equipped with materials such as clothes that need to be washed and ironed before the coffin is closed. Critically, the dead person can also transport things for others in the afterworld. Attending a burial, even entering into physical contact with the dead body, is seen as an obligation not only to the living, but also to previously deceased kin.

The local population has reacted to these changes too, as some residents in Liberia, the country with the most deaths from the disease, have reportedly tried to hide sick relatives in homes and churches.

Photo credits: ©EC/ECHO/Jean-Louis Mosser; republished under CCs license

Photo credits: ©EC/ECHO/Jean-Louis Mosser; republished under CCs license

The local population has also become suspicious of aid workers themselves, a reaction that has not always been understood the right way.

“I think people know that health care workers are dying and sick, so the prospect of being taken into a health facility is probably quite scary,” Kelly told NPR. Understanding such responses as rational and justified scepticism would already be a first step towards building bridges between the important work of health care and the local population, she added.

 



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