When driving along a road on the Isle of Skye, Scotland, a European flag flashes by. It marks EU investment in the local infrastructure. But Europe is not always that obvious.
“The passport is the noblest part of a human being. Nor does it come into the world in such a simple way as a human being. A human being can come about anywhere, in the most irresponsible manner and with no proper reason at all, but not a passport.That’s why a passport will always be honoured, if it’s a good one, whereas a person can be as good as you like, and still no one takes notice.”
The phenomena of vivid grapevine communication, ferociously bred rumours and fake news seems to be a domain of modern times. However, these communicative inconsistencies have their historical and social continuity, recurring in times of distress and information noise. Let’s take the case of the wartime period: no internet, censored mass media, illegal information channels versus official propaganda. Who or what can be trusted?
Can we learn from history? This is not just a question historians ask themselves but also a question of social relevance. In some cases, the only choice is to learn in order to prevent, for example regarding the Holocaust. ‘Never again’ is a simple but urgent demand. But what about other cases – for example, a pandemic?
What and who is a wood for? Especially in urban surroundings natural places are entangled in a myriad of practices. It is no simple task to accomodate them all and conflicts are bound to occur. Can they be resolved?